Lika destination area - Senj
In an area where the sea mourns the mountain and where the benefits of preserved nature and clean air and sea strengthen the body, and rich history and culture lift the spirit, Senj is located, a city notable for its glorious past, cultural heritage, literature and tradition. Senj is the center of an area that covers over 650 km2 with numerous small towns located by the sea in the Sub-Velebit coast - Bunica, Sveta Jelena, Sv. Juraj, Lukovo, Klada, Starigrad, Jablanac, Stinica and Prizna or in the mountain heights of Velebit and Kapela – Krasno, Krivi Put, Stolac, Crni Kal and Vratnik. The natural heritage is protected in the Velebit Nature Park and the youngest Croatian National Park, North Velebit.
As soon as you set foot in Senj, at every step you will witness the brave and proud past of this city, which is more than three millennia old. The most monumental monument in the city, but also in the entire Croatian littoral, is the Nehaj tower, which was built in 1558 by Uskok general Ivan Lenković to defend the city from the Turks and the Venetians. The history of Senj is extremely rich, and written in the old Croatian Glagolitic script and penned by numerous Senj writers, it becomes even more interesting, so you will always find a few more reasons to come to Senj again and walk once more through the narrow and winding streets breathing in the breath of the famous Senj bura.
A very special experience is offered by numerous events that grew out of the rich culture and tradition of Senj. Carnival has always been in the hearts of the people of Senj - both the winter one in January and February, but also the summer, international one in August - and the carnival is fun, madness and hilarious joy, and the whole of Senj lives for that time of year. A pilgrimage to the shrine of the Mother of God Krasnarska restores spiritual peace, and the adventures of Zora Riđokosa bring back childish playfulness. Uskok Days, Klapa Festival, Samba Festival, Musical evenings in the cathedral, fairs of traditional products, fishermen's festivals, folklore, concerts and many other events provide unforgettable moments and invite you to meet again in the future.
The Senj area offers unique sports experiences for all those with sports blood running through their veins. The sea is a constant challenge - dive into the blue depths and experience the beauty of underwater gardens, set sails and catch a favorable wind, try your hand at fishing or just stretch out on a sunny beach and breathe in the healthy sea air. The mountain offers the possibility of recreation and adventure, on numerous hiking trails with beautiful vistas, diverse cycling trails, free climbing, hunting, speleology, and enjoying the joys of snowy winter. Don't miss this unique combination of sea and mountain, where you can enjoy the joys of the sea in the morning and the shady landscapes in the afternoon, which is rarely possible anywhere.
The town of Senj is the largest urban agglomeration on the Croatian coast between Rijeka and Zadar. The area of the city includes a 76 km long sea coast, and is located between the sea, the slopes of Kapela and Velebit, the largest mountain in Croatia. It lies at 14° 54′ 10″ east longitude and 44° 59′ 24″ north latitude. Its position on the eastern coast of the Adriatic sea connects it with the cities and countries of the Mediterranean. It is connected by road connections to the hinterland via the Vratnik mountain pass (700 m above sea level), to the west with the Vinodol Valley, Rijeka and its hinterland, and to the south with Zadar, Split and southern Dalmatia.
The different reliefs in the area of the City of Senj defined two climatic zones: Mediterranean and Alpine-Dinaric. Velebit forms the border between these two regions.
The coastal climatic region is characterized by warm and dry summers and mild and rainy winters, while the mountainous region is characterized by low temperatures during winter, cool summers and increased amounts of precipitation (rain and snow). The average annual air temperature on the coastal side is 15.2°C. The absolute minimum temperature measured in Senj is -10.4°C, and the maximum temperature is 37.6°C. The warmest month in the mountain climate region is August with an average temperature of 13.1°C, and the coldest is February with -4.2°C. In Senj and its immediate surroundings, there are an average of 2338 hours of sunshine per year. The Senj area is extremely windy. It is the stormiest part of the eastern part of the Adriatic. Because of the easier penetration of wind from the interior to the sea, storms are frequent and strong. This natural phenomenon is also interesting for scientists, which is why the Senj storm has been documented for a long time.
From all this, it follows that the air temperatures in the area of the town of Senj are suitable for a tourist stay during the summer, and the maritime nature also affects the favorable temperatures during the fall, which is a prerequisite for a longer duration of the swimming season. Snowfall on the slopes of Velebit makes the town of Senj a comparative advantage compared to other coastal destinations. It often happens that the Podvelebit coast is being considered for the opening of the swimming season, and the hinterland, some 20 km away, is still covered with snow.